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Different musical instruments

Discussion in 'Carnatic and Hindustani tutorials' started by administrator, Jan 3, 2010.

  1. administrator

    administrator Administrator

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    Agappai kinnari
    Instrument consisting of a bamboo stem attached to a half-cut coconut shell. This was covered with skin. One or two strings ran over the bamboo finger-board.

    Ancient Naga Vina
    A stringed instrument with frets made in the shape of a serpent.

    Ancient sarangi
    An earlier model of the sarangi.

    Balalaika
    A popular Russian guitar with a triangula body, a long neck with frets and three gut strings.

    Balasaraswati

    This is called &quotTaus" in North India. In shape and construction it is the same as the sitar but has a peacock-like resonator and the instrument is played with a bow. The frets are movable. The body and stem are painted like that of a peacock.

    Bambooline
    Bambooline is a Phillippine model of violin made of bamboo.

    Bin
    A plucked string instrument with frets.

    Burmese violin
    This is a Burmese instrument belonging to the bowed variety.

    Chitravina
    A musical lute with 21 strings (6 for the melody, 3 for the drone, and 11 as sympathetic) used as a concert instrument.

    Conical tambura
    An experimental tambura developed by the Development for Musical Instruments, Madras. The resonator is maade of five thin planks of wood.

    Dilruba
    A fretted bowed stringed instrument.

    Dotar
    Dotar is the same as ektar in shape, but two strings tuned to the same pitch are used. It is a drone instrument.

    Eka Raga Mela Vina
    It means a vina on which only one mela (That) or main raga can be played. It arose from the yazh.

    Ektar
    Ektar is the medicants' drone. A round stick of about 4 feet length and less than 2" in diameter forms the finger-board.

    Esraj
    A fretted bowed stringed instrument.

    Gettuvadyam
    This is a stringed instrument shaped just like a tambura. Its length is shorter than that of the tambura. It has a rest at the left end.

    Esraj
    A fretted bowed stringed instrument.

    Gettuvadyam
    This is a stringed instrument shaped just like a tambura. Its length is shorter than that of the tambura. It has a rest at the left end.

    Kashmiri sitar
    This is a stringed instrument used exclusively as an accompaniment to singing, in Kashmir.

    Kinnari
    One of the oldest stringed instruments named after the inventor Kinnara, one of the musicians of heaven. It is represented on many old Indian sculptures and paintings.

    Kokkara
    This is a most primitive instrument found among the Savaras - one of the oldest ethnic populations - and the Pulayans and Kanikars of Kerala.

    Laghu Gotu Vadyam
    A miniature size of Gotuvadyam designed and developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras.

    Laghu veena
    A miniature size of veena designed and developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras.

    Matchya yazh-cum-veena
    An experimental fish-shaped stringed instrument, two in one - harp and veena with sitar model frets fixed, developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras.
     
  2. Jimsweb

    Jimsweb Super Moderator

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    here comes some more:

    Gotu vadyam

    (See also Chitravina) One of the concert instruments of South India belonging to the stringed group. It is also known as Mahanataka Vina. Gotuvadyam is the veena minus the frets and the waxy ledge. It is played by gliding a piece of cylindrical wood over the strings.The compass of the gotuvadyam extends over four octaves.

    Guitar veena
    An experimental veena shaped in guitar model developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras.

    Jya
    An ancient Vedic instrument similar to the harp with strings of different lengths. It is also similar to the Yazh

    Kinnari
    One of the oldest stringed instruments named after the inventor Kinnara, one of the musicians of heaven. It is represented on many old Indian sculptures and paintings. The finger board consists of a round stick of bamboo and upon this are fixed 12 frets of bone with a resinous substance. Beneath the finger board are 3 gourd resonators, the middle one being larger than the other two. Strings passing over the frets are used for playing music and also there are strings used for drone purposes.


    Mandoline
    A descendant of the lute but smaller and with a nearly straight neck and is played with a plectrum of tortoise shell or some other flexible material.

    Matchya veena
    A fish-shaped stringed instrument of plucked variety having 3 played strings and 5 frets of guts to indicate svarathanas.

    Nanduni
    This is a tringed instrument of the plucked group and has 14 frets and two strings. The strings are plucked by a plectrum. This instrument is played in the temples in Malabar.

    Narayana veena
    An experimental stringed instrument, three in one, i.e. harp, gotuvadyam and tambura, developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras, taking the koto of Japan as a model.

    Pancha vadyam
    An experimental composite instrument (5 in one - dotar, gotuvadyam, violin, swaramandala and santoor), designed and developed by the Development Centre for Musical Instruments, Madras.

    Phono violin
    An older type of European violin used in earlier times.

    Pradarsana vina
    A plucked fretless stringed instrument.

    Rabab
    This is a plucked variety of stringed instruments of North India and this instrument is very popular in Kashmir.
     
  3. vishnu narayanan

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    jimmy you have repeated
     
  4. Jimsweb

    Jimsweb Super Moderator

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    corrected i guess :)
     
  5. vishnu narayanan

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    kokkara,kinnari,laghu ghotu vadyam,laghu veena
     
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